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A CurtainUp Berkshire Review
The Three Penny Opera
What in your opinion accounted for the success of 'Die Dreigroschenoper' ('The Three Penny Opera')?|
I'm afraid it was everything that didn't matter to me: the romantic plot, the love story, the music.
And what would have mattered to you?
The critique of society.
---An interview by Brecht with himself, c. 1933.
He was a lean man. He was a mean man
Lucy, one of the many women who allowed the lean, mean Macheath to walk right over them in "Barbara Song."
Since its 1928 premiere The Three Penny Opera, Bertold Brecht and Kurt Weill's mix of love story, uninhibited German cabaret and pulsing syncopated dissonance with ingeniously original melody has exerted enormous influence on musicil theater (think Sweeney Todd, Cabaret and Urinetown -- the latter with its own satiric echoes of Threepenny). The opening musical salvo, "Mack the Knife", is one of the quintessential exit-humming crowd pleasers.
Melissa Errico as Polly Peachum &Jesse L. Martin as Macheath
(Photo: Richard Feldman)
Brecht and Weill adaptated their source material, John Gay's Beggar's Opera, for their own objectives -- Brecht to satirize the rife with corruption and poverty Weimar Germany; Weill to deconstruct Italian opera from what Samuel Johnson called "an exotic and irrational entertainment" into a musical entertainment for the masses. Their wildly successful collaboration has seeded many revivals which directors have tried to stamp with their own vision. These have ranged from using marionettes to moving the setting from corrupt Victorian London on the eve of Queen Victoria's coronation to more modern locales.
Fortunately the revival which opens the Williamstown Theatre's 2003 season, though not quite the great Threepenny I remember seeing at the Theater de Lys in the late 1950s (the long-running New York premiere with Weill's wife and chief interpreter, the incomparable Lotte Lenya, as Jenny Diver and Bea Arthur as Lucy Brown), does what the Festival does best: It marshals a large star-studded cast for a visually stunning, musically exciting production that captures the edgy, subversive Brechtian mood.
Betty Buckley as Jenny
(Photo: Richard Feldman)
The performances of the four main female characters -- Melissa Errico as an adorably tough Polly Peachum, Randy Graff as her even tougher mother, Betty Buckley as the wise and world-weary hooker Jenny Diver and Karen Ziemba as yet another woman in the anti-hero Macheath's life. Buckley and Ziemba don't show up until the second act, but they are so well worth waiting for that the fact that the first act is too jumpy and slows down whenever the music stops, is quickly forgotten.
While Jesse L. Martin looks dashing enough as the unscrupulous boss of thieves and exploiter of women, he doesn't invest the role with the nuances of charisma spiced menace it calls for. With his red shirt he conveys the sense that he would be more at home in Guys and Dolls. But, though
the women rate the top singing and acting honors, there are enough standouts among the male contingent of the cast. David Schramm is perfection as Macheath's counterpart, the hypocritical capitalist who knows and uses every trick for turning the miseries of the poor into a profit and loosening the purse strings of the wealthy (selling begging licenses and the props like stumps and blind eyes to use them effectively). Laurent Giroux, as the splendidly sardonic Street Singer and narrator, exemplifies the strong support of the cast overall.
Peter Hunt, who has directed The Three Penny Opera before has now staged it with so much imagination that it sets up our expectations for the darker political aspects to be fully realized. A striking abstract opening image of Queen Victoria with a swastika earring and combination Scotland Yard officer-Hitler mustache brings to mind Sam Mendes' daringly reconceived Cabaret. John Conklin's starkly effective triple tiered set of iron scaffolding and stair cases allows James Sampliner's superb small orchestra to be strategically positioned on the middle level and bolsters that expectation, as does Rui Rita's lighting. If that anticipated coalescing of political drama, decadent passion and music isn't quite as successfully realized as the Mendes' vision for Cabaret, the way Hunt arranges the actors in vivid small groupings and a final jaw-dropping tableau of the full cast, there's enough here to make your ticket investment of considerably more than three pennies worthwhile.
The show works best when it's singing, and soars to stratospheric pleasure during the second act. That's when Buckley delivers her big, haunting "Pirate Jenny" (a reprise, really, since she played Jenny in Hunt's a previous WTF Threepenny). Also in Act two, there's Karen Ziemba's "Barbara Song" riff on men like Mack the Knife and her terrific and humorous "Jealousy Duet " with Errico. This is also solo time for Graff with "Ballad of Dependency."
Since my first love affair with this popera during its Theatre de Lys incarnation, New York has mounted revivals at twelve to fifteen year intervals. As if proof was needed of the enduring appeal of the story and, most especially the music, this fall will see not one but two productions -- one on Broadway under the auspices of the Roundabout Theater and one Off-Broadway from the Cocteau Repertory Theater Company. Clearly there's plenty of life left in this dark and witty musical that for all its dissonance sends people out of the theater humming "Mack the Knife."
|THE THREEPENNY OPERA |
By Bertolt Brecht and Kurt Weill
Based on English adaptation by Marc Blitzstein of John Gay's The Beggar's Opera.
Directed by Peter Hunt
Street Singer: Laurent Gioux
Mr. J.J. Peachum: David Schramm
Mrs. Peachum: Randy Graff
Filch: William Duell
Polly Peachum: Melissa Errico
Macheath: Jesse L. Martin
Jenny: Betty Buckley
Reverend Kimball: Stephen Gabis
Tiger Brown: Jack Willis
Smith: Kenneth Garner
Lucy Brown: Karen Ziemba
Ready-Money Matt: Jim Stanek
Crook-Finger Jake: Jack Noseworthy
Bob the Saw: Julio Monge
Walt Dreary: John EllisonConlee
Betty: Kathy McCafferty
Dolly: Sarah Knowlton
Molly: Rachel Siegel
Coaxer: Kelly Brady
Constable 1: James McMenamin
Constable 2: Frank Faucette
Beggar: Michael Crane
Beggars: Matthew Bailey, Nikki Berger, Stefani Katarina Cvijetic, Gus Danowski, John Forest, Claire Turner French, Charlie Hudson III, Abby Huston, Bianca LaVerne Jones, Nancy McNulty, Ana Isabel Mercado, Susan Myhr, Jaquelyn Marie Phillips, Godfrey Plata, Amina Robinson, Jonathan Silver, Scott Sweatt, Nick Thomas, Baron Vaughn, Audrey Lynn Weston.
Sets: John Conklin
Costumes: Laurie Churba
Lighting: Rui Rita
Sound: Kurt B. Kellenberger
Orchestra: Conductor/James Sampliner; Percussion/Damien Bassman; Trombone/Ernest Clark; Guitar, Banjo/Robert Ferrier; Reed I/Ron Lively; Reed II/Bruce Krasin; Piano, celeste & harmonium/Thomas Matthew Richardson
Running Time: 3 Hours with 2 intermissions (Acts 1 & 2 60 minutes each; Act 3, 30 minutes
June 25 -- July 6, 2003
Tuesday through Friday, 8:30 p.m. Saturday; matinees, 4 p.m. Saturday, 2 p.m. Sunday
1000 Main Street, Williamstown, MA (413/597-3400) web
Review by Elyse Sommer based on 6/28 performance
Surabaya Johnny, from Happy End (1929), with the music by Kurt Weill, lyrics by Bertold Brecht, and in the English translation by Michael Feingold, is interpolated in the stable scene under special license from European American Music Corporation on behalf of Stefan Brecht and the Kurt Weill Foundation for Music, Inc.
- Overture/ Orchestra
Ballad of Mack the Knife/Street Singer
Instead-of Song/Mr. & Mrs. Peachum
Wedding Song/ Macheath's Gang
Suraoaya Johnny /Polly
Army Song /Macheath, Tiger Brown & Gang
Wedding Song (Reprise) / Macheath's Gang
Love Song/Macheath & Polly
First Threepenny Finale: The World is Mean/ Polly, Mr. & Mrs. Peachum
Melodrama & Polly's Song/Polly & Macheath
Ballad of Dependency/Mrs. Peachum
Tango Ballad/ Macheath & Jenny
Ballad of the Easy Life/ Macheath
Barbara Song/ Lucy
Jealousy Duet /Lucy & Polly
- Second Threepenny Finale: How to Survive/Macheath, Mrs. Peachum & Chorus
Useless Song/ Peachum & Beggars
Useless Song (reprise)/Chorus
Solomon Song Jenny
Call from the Grave #1/ Macheath
Call from the Grave #2/Macheath
Third Threepenny Finale: The Mounted Messenger/Filch, Polly, Macheath, Mr. & Mrs. Peachum & Chorus
Ballad of Mack the Knife (reprise)/ Street Singer
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